Enjoy the convenience our at-home HPV test. HPV (Human Papillomavirus) is the most common STD infection. It transmits very easily and often presents no symptoms. Therefore, it’s incredibly common for people to pass it on without realizing they’re infected.
Included: 1 (one) HPV test kit + pre-dressed return envelope (postage paid)
How it works: This test utilizes amplification of target DNA by polymerase chain reaction and nucleic acid hybridization for the detection of 14 high-risk HPV types in a single analysis.
Tests for: The test specifically identifies types HPV16 and HPV18 while concurrently detecting the rest of the high risk types: 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66 and 68.
Why should I test for HPV?
There are over 200 viruses comprising the Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) group. Over 40 of them can be spread easily through sex, vaginal, anal, and oral. The infection is transmitted from the skin and mucous membranes of infected people to the skin and mucous membranes of their partners.
Not all HPV viruses behave the same way. Sexually transmitted HPV viruses fall into two categories:
Low-risk HPVs, do not cause cancer but can cause skin warts (also called condylomata acuminata) on or around the genitals, anus, mouth, or throat. HPV types 6 and 11, for example, cause 90 percent of all genital warts. They can also cause recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, a disease in which benign tumors grow in the air passages from the nose and mouth into the lungs.
Approximately a dozen high-risk HPV types have been identified. High-risk HPVs, such as types 16 and 18, can cause cervical cancers well as cancer of the vagina, anus and oropharynx (back of the throat). Genital wart viruses (HPV-6 & HPV-11) cause unsightly and painful genital warts.
Consider Vaginal testing if you:
- Are over the age of 25
- Are under the age of 25 and sexually active
- Have a family history of cervical cancer
- Have had an “abnormal” PAP test result
- Use tobacco
- Have ever been told you are HPV positive, but are not sure which virus was detected
Consider Penile testing if you:
- See warts, lesions or other new growths on the shaft of the penis or perineum
- Want to be certain of your status as a carrier
Consider Anal testing if you:
- Have had unprotected anal intercourse.
- Have a history of anal warts
- Are HIV positive
- Have experienced pre-cancerous or cancerous changes in your cervix, vulva or vagina due to HPV. You may be at greater risk for an anal HPV infection due the anatomical proximity of the anus and vagina
Consider Oral testing if you:
- Have had intimate oral-to-genital contact with someone who may have HPV
- Are HIV positive
- Are positive for HPV in the cervix or anus
What are the signs and symptoms of HPV?
With the high-risk types of HPV, there may be no outward signs or symptoms of infection. The effects may present as abnormalities in the cells of the cervix, vulva or vagina that can lead to cancer. If these changes progress, symptoms can include:
- Bleeding between periods
- Pain or bleeding during intercourse
For women, genital warts appear as skin-colored or pink growths most commonly seen on the opening of the vagina, the cervix or around the anus. Genital Warts are more common in women than in men. Most women with warts do not have any symptoms at all, but in some cases, there may be itching, burning or tenderness in the genital area.
- New skin-color or pink growths on the surface of the penis
For men, genital warts appear as skin-colored or pink growths most commonly seen on the shaft of a circumcised penis, under the foreskin of an uncircumcised penis or on the scrotum. Most men with warts do not have any symptoms at all, but in some cases, there may be itching, burning or tenderness.
- Rectal bleeding
- Anal discomfort
- Abnormal changes of the cells in the anus
Anal warts caused by HPV are often referred to as “condylomas.” While found predominantly in people who have had receptive anal intercourse, they can also occur in men and women who do not have a history of anal sexual contact. Many patients with anal warts have no symptoms. Some patients may notice small growths in the anal area or may experience itching, occasional bleeding or moisture in the anal canal.
- Mass (lump) in the side of the neck
- Difficulty chewing or swallowing
- Chronic acid reflux
- Numbness or difficulty moving the jaw
- Pain in the throat
What happens if your test is positive for HPV?
Due to the prevalence of HPV, all sexually active adults are likely to contract an infection at some point in their life. A positive test does not mean that you have cancer, nor does it indicate that you will ever get cancer.
It is important to identify a persistent HPV infection and visit a healthcare provider for a thorough exam to ensure the abnormalities that HPV can cause have not already occurred.
There is no cure for HPV, but there are ways to manage and treat the negative effects of the virus. You can also retest at a future time to see if the virus is still present.
If you smoke and are positive for HPV, the negative, cancer-causing effects of an HPV infection in any body site may be enhanced.
For more information about HPV, visit the CDC website.
myLAB Box offers at home collection tests with mailing to the laboratory. The performance of these tests on your samples complies with all state and federal regulations regarding laboratory testing.